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Learning about the company BP, their history and their product names to boycott

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BP is a British global energy company which is the third largest energy
company and the fourth largest company in the world. As a multinational
oil company ("oil major") BP is the UK's largest corporation, with its
headquarters in St James's, City of Westminster, London. BP America's
headquarters is in the Two Westlake Park in the Energy Corridor area of
Houston, Texas. The company is among the largest private sector energy
corporations in the world, and one of the six "supermajors" (vertically
integrated private sector oil exploration, natural gas, and petroleum
product marketing companies).

The Board Members are:

* Carl-Henric Svanberg – Chairman
* Sir Ian Prosser – Non-executive director
* Byron Grote – Chief Financial Officer
* Andy Inglis – Chief executive, Exploration and Production
* Antony Burgmans – Non-executive director, board of Mauritshuis, AEGON, Unilever
* Cynthia Carroll – Non-executive director, CEO of Anglo American, also board of De Beers
* Sir William Castell – Non-executive director chairman of The Prince’s Trust
* George David – Non-executive director
* Tony Hayward – CEO/MD BP Worldwide
* Ian Conn
* George David vice-chairman of the Peterson Institute for International Economics
* Erroll Davis, board of General Motors and Union Pacific.
* Douglas J Flint, CBE director HSBC
* Dr DeAnne Julius, director of Chatham House

BP was named by Mother Jones Magazine as one of the "ten worst
corporations" in both 2001 and 2005 based on its environmental and
human rights records. In 1991 BP was cited as the most polluting
company in the US based on EPA toxic release data. BP has been charged
with burning polluted gases at its Ohio refinery (for which it was
fined $1.7 million), and in July 2000 BP paid a $10 million fine to the
EPA for its management of its US refineries. According to PIRG
research, between January 1997 and March 1998, BP was responsible for
104 oil spills. BP patented the Dracone Barge to aid in oil spill
clean-ups across the world.

Past Controversy related to BP

Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline

BP has been criticised for its involvement with Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan
pipeline, due to human rights, environmental and safety concerns.

Colombian pipeline

In July 2006, a group of Colombian farmers won a multi million pound
settlement from BP after the British oil and gas company was accused of
benefiting from a regime of terror carried out by Colombian government
paramilitaries to protect a 450-mile (720 km) pipeline.

Mist mountain project

There have been some calls for BP to halt its "Mist Mountain" Coalbed
Methane Project in the Southern Rocky Mountains of British Columbia.
The proposed 500 km² project is directly adjacent to the
Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park.

Canadian oil sands

BP is one of numerous firms who are extracting oil from Canadian oil
sands, a process that produces four times as much CO2 as conventional
drilling. The Cree aboriginal group describe BP as being complicit in
'the biggest environmental crime on the planet'. The Cree aboriginal
group also describe the oil sands projects some of the great economic
influences of the area.


Hazardous substance dumping

In September 1999, one of BP’s US subsidiaries, BP Exploration Alaska
(BPXA), agreed to resolve charges related to the illegal dumping of
hazardous wastes on the Alaska North Slope, for $22 million. The
settlement included the maximum $500,000 criminal fine, $6.5 million in
civil penalties, and BP’s establishment of a $15 million environmental
management system at all of BP facilities in the US and Gulf of Mexico
that are engaged in oil exploration, drilling or production. The
charges stemmed from the 1993 to 1995 dumping of hazardous wastes on
Endicott Island, Alaska by BP’s contractor Doyon Drilling. The firm
illegally discharged waste oil, paint thinner and other toxic and
hazardous substances by injecting them down the outer rim, or annuli,
of the oil wells. BPXA failed to report the illegal injections when it
learned of the conduct, in violation of the Comprehensive Environmental
Response, Compensation and Liability Act.

Texas City Refinery explosion

In March 2005, BP's Texas City, Texas refinery, one of its largest
refineries, exploded causing 15 deaths, injuring 180 people and forcing
thousands of nearby residents to remain sheltered in their homes. A
large column filled with hydrocarbon overflowed to form a vapour cloud,
which ignited. The explosion caused all the casualties and substantial
damage to the rest of the plant. The incident came as the culmination
of a series of less serious accidents at the refinery, and the
engineering problems were not addressed by the management. Maintenance
and safety at the plant had been cut as a cost-saving measure, the
responsibility ultimately resting with executives in London.

The fall-out from the accident continues to cloud BP's corporate image
because of the mismanagement at the plant. There have been several
investigations of the disaster, the most recent being that from the
U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board which "offered a
scathing assessment of the company." OSHA found "organizational and
safety deficiencies at all levels of the BP Corporation" and said
management failures could be traced from Texas to London.

The company pleaded guilty to a felony violation of the Clean Air Act,
was fined $50 million, and sentenced to three years probation.

On October 30, 2009, the US Occupational Safety and Health
Administration (OSHA) fined BP an additional $87 million — the largest
fine in OSHA history — for failing to correct safety hazards revealed
in the 2005 explosion. Inspectors found 270 safety violations that had
been previously cited but not fixed and 439 new violations. BP is
appealing that fine.

Propane price manipulation

Four BP energy traders in Houston were charged with manipulating prices
of propane in October 2007. As part of the settlement of the case, BP
paid the US government a $303 million fine, the largest commodity
market settlement ever in the US. The settlement included a $125
million civil fine to the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, $100
million to the Justice Department, $53.3 million to a restitution fund
for purchasers of the propane BP sold, and $25 million to a US Postal
Service consumer fraud education fund.

Prudhoe Bay

In August, 2006, BP shut down oil operations in Prudhoe Bay, Alaska,
due to corrosion in pipelines leading up to the Alaska Pipeline. The
wells were leaking insulating agent called Arctic pack, consisting of
crude oil and diesel fuel, between the wells and ice. BP had spilled
over one million litres of oil in Alaska's North Slope. This corrosion
is caused by sediment collecting in the bottom of the pipe, protecting
corrosive bacteria from chemicals sent through the pipeline to fight
this bacteria. There are estimates that about 5,000 barrels (790 m3) of
oil were released from the pipeline. To date 1,513 barrels (240.5 m3)
of liquids, about 5,200 cubic yards (4,000 m3) of soiled snow and 328
cubic yards (251 m3) of soiled gravel have been recovered. After
approval from the DOT, only the eastern portion of the field was shut
down, resulting in a reduction of 200,000 barrels per day (32,000 m3/d)
until work began to bring the eastern field to full production on 2
October 2006.

In May 2007, the company announced another partial field shutdown owing
to leaks of water at a separation plant. Their action was interpreted
as another example of fallout from a decision to cut maintenance of the
pipeline and associated facilities.

On 16 October 2007 Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation
officials reported a toxic spill of methanol (methyl alcohol) at the
Prudhoe Bay oil field managed by BP PLC. Nearly 2,000 gallons of mostly
methanol, mixed with some crude oil and water, spilled onto a frozen
tundra pond as well as a gravel pad from a pipeline. Methanol, which is
poisonous to plants and animals, is used to clear ice from the insides
of the Arctic-based pipelines.

Contributions to political campaigns

According to the Center for Responsive Politics, BP is the United
States' hundredth largest donor to political campaigns, having
contributed more than US$5 million since 1990, 72% and 28% of which
went to Republican and Democratic recipients, respectively. BP has
lobbied to gain exemptions from U.S. corporate law reforms.
Additionally, BP paid the Podesta Group, a Washington, D.C.-based
lobbying firm, $160,000 in the first half of 2007 to manage its
congressional and government relations.

In February 2002 BP's chief executive, Lord Browne of Madingley,
renounced the practice of corporate campaign contributions, noting:
"That's why we've decided, as a global policy, that from now on we will
make no political contributions from corporate funds anywhere in the

Despite this, in 2009 BP used nearly US$16 million to lobby US
Congress, breaking the company's previous record (from 2008) of US$10.4


Now how can anyone read this companies history of negligence and be surprised at the Deep Water Horizon disaster?

List of BP retail brands to boycott being posted next. Please share
these notes with all your friends, pass the word around about the real

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BP's International Product & Brand Names to Boycott

BP's tagline is "Beyond Petroleum"; according to the company this represents their focus on meeting the growing demand for fossil fuels, manufacturing and delivering more advanced products, and enabling the material transition to a lower carbon future.


Castrol is a brand of motor oil and other lubricants which is entirely a BP brand but tends to retain its separate identity.


ampm is a convenience store chain with branches located in several U.S. states including Arizona, California, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, recently in Illinois, Indiana, Georgia and Florida, and in several countries worldwide such as Japan. In the western US, the stores are usually attached to an ARCO gas station; elsewhere, the stores are attached to BP gas stations. BP Connect stations in the US are transitioning to the ampm brand.


In Germany and Luxembourg, BP operates its petrol retail chain under the name Aral after acquiring the majority of Veba Öl AG in 2001 and rebranding almost all of its BP filling stations to Aral.


ARCO is BP's retail brand on the US West Coast in the seven Western States of California, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Idaho, Arizona, and Utah. BP acquired ARCO (formerly the Atlantic Richfield Company) in 2000. ARCO is a popular "cash only" retailer, selling products refined from Alaska North Slope crude at the Cherry Point Refinery in Washington, a plant in Los Angeles, and at other contract locations on the West Coast.

BP Travel Centre

BP Travel Centres are large scale destination sites located in Australia which on top of offering the same features of a BP Connect site with fuel and a Wild Bean Cafe, also feature major food-retail tenants such as McDonalds, KFC, Nando's and recently Krispy Kreme, with a large seating capacity food court. There are also facilities for long-haul truck drivers including lounge, showers and washing machines all in the same building. There are 4 travel centers located in South East Queensland, Australia. Two on the Pacific Highway (Coomera and Stapylton) and two on the Bruce Highway (Caboolture). A fifth travel centre was opened in 2007 at Chinderah in northern New South Wales.

BP Connect

BP Connect is BP's flagship retail brand name with BP Connect Service stations being operated around the UK, Europe, USA, Australia, New Zealand, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and other parts of the world. BP Connect sites feature the Wild Bean Cafe which offers cafe style coffee made by the staff and a selection of hot food as well as freshly baked muffins and sandwiches. The food offered in Wild Bean Cafe varies from each site. BP Connect sites usually offer table and chair seating and often an Internet kiosk. In the US, the BP Connect concept is gradually being transitioned to the ampm brand and concept. Some BP Connect sites around the UK ran in partnership with Marks & Spencer with the on-site shop being an M&S Simply Food instead of a BP Shop.

BP Express

BP Express was the flagship BP brand prior to the introduction of BP Connect in 2000. There are still some BP Express sites operating around the world but most have been either upgraded to Connect or changed to an alternative brand. BP Express offers a bakery service but doesn't have the selection of food offered in the Wild Bean Cafe and usually coffee is only available through a self service machine.

In the Netherlands BP is opening unmanned stations with no shops or employees. these stations are called BP Express.[86] Some of these stations used to be 'ordinary' BP stations, some are new to the BP network. Apart from these stations BP Express shopping does also exist in the Netherlands.

BP Shop

BP Shop is commonly used on smaller, mainly independently owned sites. Products vary in each BP Shop but consist usually of a selection of convenience store-style food and automotive products.

BP 2go

BP 2go is a franchise brand used for independently operated sites in New Zealand and is currently being rolled out throughout Australia (Although not all BP 2go stores are franchises in Australia). BP 2go sites mainly operate in towns and outer suburbs in New Zealand. BP 2go offers similar bakery food to BP Connect but in a pre-packaged form. Some BP Express sites around New Zealand and Australia that were considered too small to be upgraded to BP Connect were given the option to change to BP 2go others were downgraded to BP Shop. Staff at some BP 2go sites wear a different style of uniform to the rest of the BP branded sites, however in company owned and operated 2go sites in Australia the same uniform is worn across all sites.

Air BP and BP Shipping

Air BP is the aviation fuel arm, BP Marine the marine fuels and lubricants arm, and BP Shipping is the shipping arm within the BP group.

BP Shipping provides the logistics to move BP's oil and gas cargoes to market, as well as marine assurance[clarification needed] on everything that floats in the BP group. It manages a large fleet of vessels most of which are held on long-term operating leases. BP Shipping's chartering teams based in London, Singapore, and Chicago also charter third party vessels on both time charter and voyage charter basis.

The BP-managed fleet consists of Very Large Crude Carriers (VLCCs), one North Sea shuttle tanker, medium size crude and product carriers, liquefied natural gas (LNG) carriers, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) carriers, and coasters. All of these ships are double-hulled.
I have never bought gas from BP. Now I never will.

Thank you Tracy, I will post that around. People should also know that this company was once owned (55%) by Winston Churchill, and was the original company in Iraq that caused the big turmoil there (long ago).

It was later nationalized, then went back private. I will find the exact info on all this back history later.
Thanks for signing our petition to the Senate, demanding they elminate the liability cap and force BP to pay for the damages of the Gulf oil spill in full.

Catman said:
I have never bought gas from BP. Now I never will.

Thank you Tracy, I will post that around. People should also know that this company was once owned (55%) by Winston Churchill, and was the original company in Iraq that caused the big turmoil there (long ago).

It was later nationalized, then went back private. I will find the exact info on all this back history later.


Activity in 1909–1979

In May 1901, William Knox D'Arcy was granted a concession by the Shah of Iran to search for oil which he discovered in May 1908.[8] This was the first commercially significant find in the Middle East. On 14 April 1909, the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) was incorporated to exploit this.[8] In 1923, the company secretly gave £5,000 to future Prime Minister Winston Churchill to lobby the British government to allow them to monopolise Persian oil resources.
In 1935, it became the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC).

After World War II, AIOC and the Iranian government initially resisted nationalist pressure to revise AIOC's concession terms still further in Iran's favour. But in March 1951, the pro-western Prime Minister Ali Razmara was assassinated. The Majlis of Iran (parliament) elected a nationalist, Mohammed Mossadeq, as prime minister. In April, the Majlis nationalised the oil industry by unanimous vote. The National Iranian Oil Company was formed as a result, displacing the AIOC. The AIOC withdrew its management from Iran, and organised an effective boycott of Iranian oil. The British government - which owned the AIOC - contested the nationalisation at the International Court of Justice at The Hague, but its complaint was dismissed.

By spring of 1953, incoming U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorised the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to organise a coup against the Mossadeq government with support from the British government. On 19 August 1953, Mossadeq was forced from office by the CIA conspiracy, involving the Shah and the Iranian military, and known by its codename, Operation Ajax.

Mossadeq, prince (Shahzadeh) of Qajar Dynasty, was replaced by pro-Western general Fazlollah Zahedi, and the Shah, who returned to Iran after having left the country briefly to await the outcome of the coup. The Shah abolished the democratic Constitution and assumed autocratic powers.

After the coup, Mossadeq's National Iranian Oil Company became an international consortium, and AIOC resumed operations in Iran as a member of it. The consortium agreed to share profits on a 50–50 basis with Iran, "but not to open its books to Iranian auditors or to allow Iranians onto its board of directors." AIOC, as a part of the Anglo-American coup d'état deal, was not allowed to monopolise Iranian oil as before. It was limited to a 40% share in a new international consortium. For the rest, 40% went to the five major American companies and 20% went to Royal Dutch Shell and Compagnie Française des Pétroles, now Total S.A.

The AIOC became the British Petroleum Company in 1954. In 1959 the company expanded beyond the Middle East to Alaska and in 1965 it was the first company to strike oil in the North Sea. In 1978 BP acquired a controlling interest in Standard Oil of Ohio or Sohio, a breakoff of the former Standard Oil that had been broken up after anti-trust litigation.

BP continued to operate in Iran until the Islamic Revolution in 1979. After 1979, during the Iran-Iraq war, the oil refineries were destroyed and Iran became a raw supplier of oil. The new regime of Ayatollah Khomeini broke all prior oil contracts and signed new contracts with British Petroleum with 90% to BP and 10% to Ayatollah Khomeini and his followers.


There's more for anyone hitting the link up top. I emboldened a few interesting facts concerning some dubious dealings in the political realm. These political interferences may still be haunting us today, concerning the bad relations between the mid-east and the USA.

I read somewhere, that Churchill was much more involved than what is Wiki'ed here, but I would have to delve deeper to find it

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